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The Inception Energy Crisis Economiser Power Factor Certificates!

The Inception

Ananya MultiTech Pvt. Ltd. is a socio-professional enterprise working on national CAUSE of Electrical Energy Saving. Energy Consumption Optimizers was a research organization initiated in mid of July ’06 with focus on ‘Energy Aware Society’. Captioned mission was designed to attract individuals and educate them about energy crisis & local remedies on the same. It was accompanied by varied activities like Energy Rally, Local Seminars & Awareness Camps on Energy Conservation, Railway Station group Campaigns etc. One group out of these energy cautious youths ultimately started working on a mass oriented technical solution that can lead to considerable energy conservation by adopting advanced technology. We came across world's leading ‘Power Factor Correction’ technology and after a research of 8 months and intensive testing over 600 residential electrical implementations, we manage to pioneer India’s 1st Residential Power Saver which can save residential electricity up to 40%!

ECO : Energy Consumption Optimizers

Sole objective of ECO is to provide education regarding energy conservation and professional energy services aiming towards nationwide energy saving. ECO shall make all possible efforts to minimize the energy intensity in the Indian economy. Being research oriented organization, we focus exclusively on addressing one of the most vital concerns viz. Energy Conservation and Local Solutions for that. ECO is developing range of products to approach energy saving in very systematic manner simultaneously offering reasonable convenience and incredible profitability to end user also.
To summarize, objectives are :
  • To develop non-conventional, renewable and alternate energy devices and technologies.
  • Take determined steps for conventional energy conservation measures in domestic sectors.
  • Evolve suitable alternatives to meet the burgeoning energy demand.
  • Information dissemination and public awareness through training programs, publications, exhibitions, seminars and conferences.

The Energy Crisis!

Energy can neither be created nor be destroyed. Some of the energy we can use is called renewable energy. These include solar, wind, geothermal and hydro. These types of energy are constantly being renewed or restored. But many of the other forms of energy we use in our homes and cars are not being replenished. Fossil fuels took millions of years to create. They cannot be made over night and there are finite or limited amounts of these nonrenewable energy sources. Same is about Electricity. Electricity generation plants take investment of huge time, resources & money. They always possess limited capability which cannot be improved as per requirement. So if our requirement of electricity increases then it’s almost impossible to serve that requirement using same power stations. That means this type of non-conventional energy sources cannot be renewed or replenished. Once they are consumed they cannot be restored again.

This explains importance & incredibility of these resources.

We all are aware about the present electrical energy crisis India and know the essentiality to conserve the energy for our next generation. We have following ways to address this issue :
  • Enhancing capacity of power plants, but..
    • It will demand huge investment.
    • It will require more coal,water or some other form of energy to be invested.
    • It may introduce breaks in distribution while upgrading the plant.
  • Cut down the consumption of electricity, but..
    • It will lead to load shading
    • It will naturally compromise with needs and comforts of individuals
    • It will compromise with development of the industry and ultimately the Nation
    • It is certainly not a permanent solution.
  • Adding new power generation plant in the state infrastructure..
    • It will take long duration for planning, approval and implementation
    • It will take very high investment
    • It will attract additional infrastructure requirements.
  • Using alternative source of energy, but...
    • Its impossible because so many devices which are already working on electricity should be converted to that type of energy consumption.
    • Quality of operation cannot be assured.
    • No such resource immediately available!

This leaves us with only one choice i.e. Utilizing existing resource viz. Electricity in the optimized way. Electricity saved is electricity produced!

Optimization of electrical usage can be achieved in following ways –
  • Optimization while distributing electricity – This step has to be taken by electrical distribution organization and Energy department. This will involve process and implementation to improve quality of conductors, diameters of wires, quality of coils and windings etc.
  • Optimization while using electricity – This is our topic of interest which aims towards optimizing usage in areas of highest consumption by means of education and technology! This gets divided in 2 parts as below -
    • Educatingindividualstouseelectricityverycarefullybygivingthempropereducation.
    • Using devices and industry standards to reduce distribution and consumption losses.
This is where Energy Consumption Optimizers takes major initiative. At ECO we develop various devices which are easy to install and affordable, which will reduce consumption losses by means of improving degraded power factor

Energy Economizer : Approved by Regional Testing Center, West Region, Government of India.

The device uses state of the art electrical technology to actively monitor and improves the power factor of your household / office appliances. It also optimizes the voltage and current demands thus reducing the active power factor (KVA) demands and achieves significant saving on your electricity bill. This product reduces spikes by storing energy for up to 10 seconds and therefore supplies the load with constant voltage during momentary power surges. This in turn results longer life span of the electrical appliances.

Salient Features...
  • Improves power factor
  • Reduces power losses
  • Power Saving up to 40%
  • Reduces user’s electricity bill considerably
  • Provides power surge protection
  • Long life 1,00,000 hrs
  • Designed to cover present and future electrical products
  • Designed with full compliance of safety standards
  • ECO friendly working principals
  • Compact and aesthetic design
  • Easy to use and maintenance free
  • Helps in reducing waveform distortions
  • Does not have movable / serviceable parts
  • Totally soundless & silent
  • Inbuilt Home Doctor Technology to detect faults in residential wiring
Technical Parameters
Rated Voltage: 220-230volts at 50-60Hz
Working Temperature: 15-600 C
Single Phase Supply
Best for load upto 3kVA

Energy Saved : Energy Generated!

Power Factor Correction : Capacitive Power Factor correction is applied to circuits, which include induction motors as a means of reducing the inductive component of the current, and thereby reduces the losses in the supply. There should be no effect on the operation of the motor itself. Low power factor is expensive and inefficient. Many utility companies charge you an additional fee if your power factor is less than 0.95. Low power factor also reduces your electrical system’s distribution capacity by increasing current flow and causing voltage drops. This fact sheet describes power factor and explains how you can improve your power factor to reduce electric bills and enhance your electrical system’s capacity. To understand power factor, visualize a horse pulling a railroad car down a railroad track. Because the railroad ties are uneven, the horse must pull the car from the side of the track. The horse is pulling the railroad car at an angle to the direction of the car’s travel. The power required to move the car down the track is the working (real) power. The effort of the horse is the total (apparent) power. Because of the angle of the horse’s pull, not all of the horse’s effort is used to move the car down the track. The car will not move sideways; therefore, the sideways pull of the horse is wasted effort or nonworking (reactive) power. The angle of the horse’s pull is related to power factor, which is defined as the ratio of real (working) power to apparent (total) power. If the horse is led closer to the center of the track, the angle of side pull decreases and the real power approaches the value of the apparent power. Therefore, the ratio of real power to apparent power (the power factor) approaches 1. As the power factor approaches 1,the reactive (nonworking) power approaches 0.

Cause of Low Power Factor :

Low power factor is caused by inductive loads (such as transformers, electric motors, and high-intensity discharge lighting), which are a major portion of the power consumed in industrial complexes. Unlike resistive loads that create heat by consuming kilowatts, inductive loads require the current to create a magnetic field, and the magnetic field produces the desired work. The total or apparent power required by an inductive device is a composite of the following:
  • Real power (measured in kilowatts, kW)
  • Reactive power, the nonworking power caused by the magnetizing current, required to operate the device (measured in kilovars, kVAR).
  • Reactive power required by inductive loads increases the amount of apparent power (measured in kilovolt amps, kVA) in your distribution system. The increase in reactive and apparent power causes the power factor to decrease.

Why Improve Your Power Factor?

Some of the benefits of improving your power factor are as follows:
  • Your utility bill will be smaller. Low power factor requires an increase in the electric utility’s generation and transmission capacity to handle the reactive power component caused by inductive loads. Utilities usually charge a penalty fee to customers with power factors less than 0.95. You can avoid this additional fee by increasing your power factor.
  • Your electrical system’s branch capacity will increase. Uncorrected power factor will cause power losses in your distribution system. You may experience voltage drops as power losses increase. Excessive voltage drops can cause overheating and premature failure of motors and other inductive equipment.

Correcting Your Power Factor

Some strategies for correcting your power factor are:
  • Minimize operation of idling or lightly loaded motors.
  • Avoid operation of equipment above its rated voltage.
  • Replace standard motors as they burn out with energy-efficient motors.
  • Even with energy-efficient motors, however, the power factor is significantly affected by variations in load. A motor must be operated near its rated capacity to realize the benefits of a high power factor design.
  • Install capacitors in your AC circuit to decrease the magnitude of reactive power. As shown in the diagram at right, reactive power (measured in kVARs) caused by inductance always acts at a 90° angle to real power. Capacitors store kVARs and release energy opposing the reactive energy caused by the inductor. This implies that inductance and capacitance react 180° to each other. The presence of both in the same circuit results in the continuous alternating transfer of energy between the capacitor and the inductor, thereby reducing the current flow from the generator to the circuit. When the circuit is balanced, all the energy released by the inductor is absorbed by the capacitor.
  • In the diagram below, the power triangle shows an initial 0.70 power factor for a 100-kW (real power) inductive load. The reactive power required by the load is 100 kW. By installing a 67-kW capacitor, the apparent power is reduced from 142 to 105 kVA, resulting in a 26% reduction in current. Power factor is improved to 0.95. In the “horse and railcar” analogy, this is equivalent to decreasing the angle the horse is pulling on the railcar by leading the horse closer to the center of the railroad track. Because the side pull is minimized, less total effort is required from the horse to do the same amount of work. Capacitor suppliers and engineering firms can provide the assistance you may need to determine the optimum power correction factor and to correctly locate and install capacitors in your electrical distribution system.

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